Cochin , now Kochi, is known to be a chief trading center in ancient India, with the bulk of export consisting mainly of Indian spices. It is supposed to have trade relations with Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Jews and Chinese. We come to know about the early history of the area by the written records of the visitors, like Ma Huan of China and Niccolo Da Conti of Italy.
The beginning of the second millennium saw the emergence of the Kingdom of Kochi, which took shape after the disintegration of the Kalusekhara empire. The Kingdom was headed by a royal family known as 'Perumpadappu Swaroopam' in the local language. The hereditary reign of the Cochin Royal Family continued even after the region came under the influence of the foreign settlers. They were however not entitled to exercise their full authority over their subjects and were provided titular privileges only.
By the turn of the sixteenth century, European voyagers and traders started to throng the Malabar coast and many of them sought settlement in Cochin and its adjoining areas. Soon the Portuguese became the master of the region and the entire area of Koch came under their dominion. The Dutch, supported by the Zamorins, defeated the Portuguese and took control of the city. In 1773, the Malabar region was conquered by Hyder Ali, the King of Mysore, and Kochi was forced to be a tributary of Mysore. The British got control of Cochin as a result of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty signed in 1814 and subsequently, they made it a municipality.
The port was redesigned and developed further to make it suitable for handling a large volume of cargo, which had by now increased to a substantial magnitude. The Maharaja continued to rule under the British guidance and the area was given the status of a princely state. The Maharaja took no time in joining the Indian Union, once the British left the area in 1947. When Kerala was formed as a new state, Cochin was made a part of it, however it was in 1967 when the corporation of Cochin came into existence after merging the existing municipalities of Fort Kochi, Ernakulam and Mattancherry.
After Indian economy was opened to foreign investment, the pace of development in Kochi increased to an unprecedented level. Recent years saw the coming of multinational companies and growth of IT sector in a response to the initiative taken by the state government. Excellent infrastructure facilities combined by the presence of a world class airport and the existence of its own Stock Exchange made it a viable option for big corporate investment. This has resulted an increased demand for commercial as well as Residential Properties in Kochi and gave a new momentum to its real estate industry. Alongside, we see the rise of tourism and hospitality industries with the establishment of a large number of Hotels.